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Metula (2)

Photobucket
( Photo collection Anne Niemantsverdriet )
   photo metula.jpg
FIFTY THOUSAND tons of petréleo spilled in the waters of the Strait of  Magallanes Dutch
supertanker "Metula". The first victims are still thousands of gulls perished smeared with
petréleo, prevented from flying.
( Newspaperphoto, thanks to Jaime Roco )

 "METULA" grounded in the eastern Strait of Magellan, Chile, on 9 August 1974. About 47,000 tonnes of light Arabian crude oil and 3,000 to 4,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil are estimated to be have been lost. Large volumes of water-in-oil emulsion were produced in the rough sea conditions and much of this landed on shores of northern Tierra del Fuego. Most of the shores affected were of mixed sand and gravel, but two small estuaries including saltmarshes were also oiled. About 4,000 birds are known to have been killed, including cormorants and penguins.

No cleanup was done because of the remoteness of the area and consequently this remains a distinctive spill site mainly because hard asphalt pavements formed on many shorelines. The long-term fate and effects of heavy oiling have been extensively investigated. One very sheltered marsh received thick deposits of mousse and, 20 years after the spill, these deposits were still visible on the marsh surface, with the mousse quite fresh in appearance beneath a weathered surface skin. Little plant re-colonisation has occurred in the areas with thicker deposits of 4 or more cm, though it is proceeding in more lightly oiled areas. On sand and gravel shores, an asphalt pavement remained in a relatively sheltered area in 1998, but oil deposits had mainly broken up and disappeared from more exposed shores. These remain amongst the longest-term contaminants recorded for an oil spill, even though they have not resulted in significant impacts on fisheries or the biology of coastal waters.

   photo metula-1.jpg
( Newspaperphoto, thanks to Jaime Roco )
  Photobucket
Last Voyage as “Tula” towed to Santander, Spain for scrapping.
( Collection Gaspar Luis Prieto Garcia )
  Photobucket
Last Voyage as “Tula” towed to Santander, Spain for scrapping.
( Collection Gaspar Luis Prieto Garcia )
  Photobucket
Last Voyage as “Tula” at Bahia de Santander, Spain for scrapping.
( Collection Gaspar Luis Prieto Garcia )


( You will be directed to Helderline.nl )

Additional Information by Kees Helder ;

Naam
Name
METULA ( 2 )
IMO Nr.
IMO Nr.
6818760
Roepnr.
Callsign
PJLM
Bouwjaar
Build
1968
Werf
Yard
Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Industries, Aioi, Japan.
Bouwnr.
Build. Nr.
2019
In dienst
In service
25/09/1968
Eigenaar
Owner
Curacaose Scheepvaart Maatschappij., Shell Tankers BV, Rotterdam.
Vlag
Flag
Dutch Antilles
Thuishaven
Homeport
Willemstad.
Type
Type
Tanker
Klasse
Class
LR
Sub Type
Sub Type
Crude
Lengte (o.a.)
Length (overall)
325.05 mtr.
Lengte (p.p.)
Length (p.p.)
310.02 mtr.
Breedte
Beam
47.16 mtr.
Holte
Depth
24.52 mtr.
Diepgang
Draft
18.98 mtr.
Tonnage DWT
DWT
210.036 ton
Tonnage GT
GT
104.379 ton
Tonnage NT
NT
78.411 ton
Inhoud
Cubic
- m3
Machine(s)
Engine(s)
2 Misubishi steamturbines.
Vermogen
Output
28.000 Hp
Snelheid
Speed
15.0 mile
Verbruik
Consumption
- t/h
Aantal Tanks
Total Tanks
8 center, 5 wingtanks, 2 clean ballasttanks.
Bijzonderheden
Remarks
For Shell Tankers 22 M-klasse schips where build.
Metula (1) (12.035 ton) build in 1938 at Rotterdamse Droogdok Mij., Rotterdam for Shell Tankers BV., Holland.
Historie
History
09/08/1974 stranded in Streat Magelhaen.
Status
Status
13/06/1976 as “Tula” towed to Santander, Spain for scrapping.