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Black River
T2-SE-A1
Built Oktober 1945 by Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Company, Mobile, Alabama
as "Black River" # 2862, for U.M.S.C.
1947 - PONCA CITY, Continental Oil Co., Wilmington, Del.
1948 - MARINE LEADER, Marine Corp., Wilmington, Del. [Marine Transport Lines, Inc., New York].
1954 - Marine Navigation Co., Inc., Wilmington, Del.
1956 - MAXTON, Waterman Steamship Corp., Mobile  (temp. fitted with platform deck for carriage of containers).
1960 - Transocean Petroleum Carriers, Inc., Wilmington  [Marine Carriers Corp., New York].
1962 - POTOMAC, Empire Transport, Inc. (Oriental Exporters, Inc. / Ogden Marine, Inc.), New York
converted to bulk carrier Aug. 1962 by re-construction with new cargo section  572' l.o.a. 13,858 grt,
mid-section built by Iino SB. & Eng. Co., Maizuru.
Broken up at Gadani Beach 1982 by Rashid, Ltd.,
arrived 3. Nov 1982, work began 23.11.1982.
( See photos below )
 The Miramar Ship Index for "BLACK RIVER"
IDNo:
2248800
Year:
1945
Name:
BLACK RIVER
Launch Date:
09.1945
Type:
Tanker
Date of completion:
10.1945
Flag:
USA
Keel:

DWT:
16613
Yard No:
353
Length overall:
159.6
Ship Design:
T2-SE-A1
LPP:
153.3
Country of build:
USA
Beam:
20.7
Builder:
Alabama DD
Material of build:
Location of yard:
Mobile
Number of screws/Mchy/Speed(kn):
1TE-15

Subsequent History:
1947 PONCA CITY - 1948 MARINE LEADER - 1956 MAXTON -
[ 1962 Lg 13858 grt & converted to bulk carrier ] -
1962 POTOMAC.

Disposal Data:
Scrapped at Gadani Beach 03.11.1982.

History:
ON  
ID  
Year built
Name  
Tons  
Change  
Owner
248800
2248800
1945
BLACK RIVER
10172
US Govt.
248800
2248800
1945
PONCA CITY
10172
1947
Continental Oil Co.
248800
2248800
1945
MARINE LEADER
10172
1948
Marine Corp.
248800
2248800
1945
MAXTON
10172
1956
Waterman Steamship Corp.
248800
2248800
1945
POTOMAC
13858
1962
Empire Transport, Inc.

History and notes:
August 1962, converted to bulk carrier. New midship section built by Iino SB & E Co., Maizuri, Japan (new
measurements: 572ft x 75ft 2in, 13,858GRT, 21,900DWT).
In April 1956 and experiment was made with a new method of cargo carrying whereby loaded containers were
carried on a specially designed deck constructed on a tanker in a "lift on-lift off" role.
The service, the forerunner of the container ship, involved the loading and sealing of a container at the factory,
dispatch to the dockside and lifting of the container from its chassis to the deck of the ship. At the point of un-
loading, another chassis would be waiting for the container to be lifted onto it for hauling away by road.
Two T2 tankers, Potrero Hills (Marinship Yard No. 68) and Whittier Hills (Marinship Yard No. 71), units of
the Pan-Atlantic SS Corp., an associate company of the Waterman SS Corp., were sent to Bethlehem Steel
Co's yard at Baltimore in 1955 for alteration, and further ships, Coalinga Hills (Marinship Yard No. 61) and
Maxton (Alabama Yard No. 353) werer acquired in 1956. The specially constructed deck fitted to the tankers
was capable of carrying fifty-eight loaded containers each 33ft long. In no way was the oil carrying capacity
of the ships affected. The service between Port Newark and Houston began with the inaugural sailing of Ideal
X (ex-Potrero Hills), although the initial run was made previously by Maxton.
Source: Victory Ships and Tankers, by L. A. Sawyer and W. H. Mitchell
1962 Scrapped.

 
"Black River".
( Photo thanks to Jim Scates )
 
"Marine Leader" ex. "Ponca City" ex. "Black River".
( Photo Copyright Reserved )
"Potomac" ex. "Maxton" ex. "Marine Leader" ex. "Ponca City" ex. "Black River".
 
"Potomac" ex. "Maxton" ex. "Marine Leader" ex. "Ponca City" ex. "Black River",
Bremerhaven, Germany, 07-1967.
( Photo by Gerhard Mueller-Debus )
 
"Potomac" ex. "Maxton" ex. "Marine Leader" ex. "Ponca City" ex. "Black River",
Bremerhaven, Germany, 07-1967.
( Photo by Gerhard Mueller-Debus )
 
"Potomac" ex. "Maxton" ex. "Marine Leader" ex. "Ponca City" ex. "Black River", in 1979.
 
"Potomac" ex. "Maxton" ex. "Marine Leader" ex. "Ponca City" ex. "Black River", in 1979.