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Musgroves Mills
See also Video : Loss of the "Marine Electric"ex. "Musgrove Mills"

T2-SE-A1
Built May 1944 by Sun Shipbuilding Company, Chester, Pennsylvania,
as "Musgroves Mills" # 1735, for U.S.M.C.
1947 - GULFMILLS, Gulf Oil Corp., Philadelphia
1961 - MARINE ELECTRIC, Marine Corp. (Marine Transport Lines, Inc.), Wilmington, Del.
1962 - Marine Coal Transport Corp. (Marine Transport Lines, Inc., Wilmington, Del.
1962 - converted to bulk carrier and lengthened by Bethlehem Steel Co., Inc., SB. Div., East Boston,
Mass. by replacement of midbody with new cargo section built by Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack,
13,757 grt,  587,7 x 75.2', work completed 11/1962
Capsized, broke in two and foundered, 12 Feb 1983, in bad weather, in 37.52.30N-74.46.24W,
off Chincoteague Island, Va., voyage Hampton Roads - Brayton Point, Mass, coal.
( See photos below )
 The Miramar Ship Index for "MUSGROVES MILLS"
IDNo:
5224833
Year:
1944
Name:
MUSGROVES MILLS
Keel:
Type:
Tanker
Launch Date:
2.05.1944
Flag:
USA
Date of completion:
05.1944

DWT:
16613
Yard No:
437
Length overall:
159.6
Ship Design:
T2-SE-A1
LPP:
153.3
Country of build:
USA
Beam:
20.7
Builder:
Sun
Material of build:
Location of yard:
Chester, Pa
Number of screws/Mchy/Speed(kn):
1TE-15

Subsequent History:
[1962 Lg & widened 13757gt & cv to bulk carrier] - 1947 GULFMILLS -
1961 MARINE ELECTRIC

Disposal Data:
capsized & broke in two 37.52.30 N / 74.46.24 W on 12.02.1983.
[ Hampton Roads-Brayton Point, coal ]

History:
ON
LR/IMO
ID
Year
Name
Tons
Change
Registered Owner
245675
5224833
1944
MUSGROVES MILLS
10297
U.S. Govt.
245675
5224833
1944
GULFMILLS
10297
1947
Gulf Oil Corp.
245675
5224833
1944
MARINE ELECTRIC
10297
1961
Marine Corp.
245675
5224833
5224833
1944
MARINE ELECTRIC
13757
1962
Marine Coal Tpt Corp.

 
Found this photo, she was mentioned as "Gulfmorn", but there was never a "Gulfmorn" !
She is probably the "Gulfmills", ex. "Musgroves Mills", seen here on the Delaware River.
( Photo Collection: Edward O. Clark )
( Source: Steamship Historical Society of America )
"Marine Electric", ex. "Gulfmilss", ex. "Musgroves Mills" at Bremerhaven, Germany, 07-1970
( Photo by Gerhard Mueller-Debus )
 
"Marine Electric", ex. "Gulfmilss", ex. "Musgroves Mills".
( Photo Fotoflyte )

 SS Marine Electric, a 605-foot bulk carrier, sank on 12 February 1983, about 30 miles off the coast of Virginia, in 130 feet of water. Thirty-one of the 34 crewmembers were killed; the three survivors endured 90 minutes drifting in the frigid waters of the Atlantic. The wreck resulted in some of the most important maritime reforms in the second half of the 20th century. The tragedy tightened inspection standards, resulted in mandatory survival suits for winter North Atlantic runs, and helped create the now famous Coast Guard rescue swimmer program.

Ship history
The ship was built by the Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Company of Chester, Pennsylvania for the U.S. Maritime Commission (contract No. 1770) as a Type T2-SE-A1 tanker, hull number 437. She was laid down on 10 January 1944, launched on 2 May, and delivered on 23 May.
In May 1947, she was sold to the Gulf Oil Corporation and renamed Gulfmills. In May 1961, she was purchased by Marine Transport Lines (MTL), and renamed Marine Electric. The ship was modified by the addition of a new midsection for cargo transport, built at the Bremer Vulkan yard in Bremen, Germany, which was then towed to the Bethlehem Steel Co. yard in East Boston. This extended the ship's length overall from 523 feet (159 m) to 605 feet (184 m), and her tonnage from 10,448 to 13,757 gross register tons (GRT). The work was completed in November 1962. However, the Marine Electric was showing its age, exhibiting corrosion and damage to the hull and other structural components.

Final voyage
The Marine Electric put to sea for her final voyage on 10 February 1983, sailing from Norfolk, Virginia to Somerset, Massachusetts with a cargo of 24,800 tons of granulated coal. The ship sailed through a fierce (and ultimately record-breaking) storm that was gathering.
The Marine Electric neared the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay at about 2:00 a.m. on Thursday, 10 February. She battled 25-foot (7.6-m) waves and winds gusting to more than 55 miles per hour (89 km/h), fighting the storm to reach port with her cargo.
The following day, she was contacted by the United States Coast Guard to turn back to assist a fishing vessel, the Theodora, that was taking on water. The Theodora eventually recovered and proceeded on its westerly course back to Virginia; the Marine Electric turned north to resume its original route.
During the course of the investigation into the ship’s sinking, representatives of MTL theorized that the ship ran aground during her maneuvering to help the Theodora, fatally damaging the hull. They contended that it was this grounding that caused the Marine Electric to sink five hours later.
But Coast Guard investigations, and independent examinations of the wreck, told a different story: the Marine Electric left port in an un-seaworthy condition, with gaping holes in its deck plating and hatch covers. The hatch covers, in particular, posed a problem, since without them the cargo hold could fill with water in the storm and drag the ship under. And it was there that the investigation took a second, dramatic turn.
Investigators discovered that much of the paperwork supporting MTL's declarations that the Marine Electric was seaworthy was faked. Inspection records showed inspections of the hatch covers during periods where they'd in fact been removed from the ship for maintenance; inspections were recorded during periods of time when the ship wasn't even in port. A representative of the hatch covers' manufacturer warned MTL in 1982 that their condition posed a threat to the ship’s seaworthiness. But inspectors never tested them. And yet, the Marine Electric was repeatedly certified as seaworthy.
Part of the problem was that the Coast Guard delegated some of its inspection authority to the American Bureau of Shipping. The ABS is a private, non-profit agency that developed rules, standards and guidelines for ship's hulls. In the wake of the Marine Electric tragedy, questions were raised about how successfully the ABS was exercising the inspection authority delegated to it, as well as about whether the Coast Guard even had the authority to delegate that role. Also there was a conflict of interest in that the inspection fees paid to the ABS were paid by the ship owners.

Aftermath
In the wake of the Marine Electric sinking, The Philadelphia Inquirer assigned two reporters, Tim Dwyer and Robert Frump, to look into old ship catastrophes. In the series, the writers concluded that government programs designed to strengthen the merchant marine had actually kept unsafe ships afloat. Frump later wrote a book, Until the Sea Shall Free Them, about the sinking.
In the wake of the Marine Board report, and the newspaper's investigation, the Coast Guard dramatically changed its inspection and oversight procedures. The Coast Guard report noted that the ABS, in particular, "cannot be considered impartial", and described its failure to notice the critical problems with the ship as negligent. At the same time, the report noted that "the inexperience of the inspectors who went aboard the Marine Electric, and their failure to recognize the safety hazards...raises doubt about the capabilities of the Coast Guard inspectors to enforce the laws and regulations in a satisfactory manner."
While the Coast Guard commandant did not accept all of the recommendations of the Marine Board report, inspections tightened and more than 70 old World War II relics still functioning 40 years after the war were sent to scrap yards. In 2003, Coast Guard Captain Dominic Calicchio was posthumously awarded The Plimsoll Award by Professional Mariner magazine in part because of his role as a member of the Marine Board of Investigation.
Additionally, the Coast Guard required that survival suits be required on all winter North Atlantic runs. Later, as a direct result of the casualties on the Marine Electric, Congress pushed for and the Coast Guard eventually established the now famous Coast Guard Rescue Swimmer program.