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Esso Roanoke
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Artist impression "Esso Roanoke" Built in 1944.
( Painting by W. Spencer Wright ).
"Esso Roanoke" on her way to fitting-out dock after launching, June 30,1944.
"Esso Roanoke", seen here after conversion into "Baltimore".

C4-S-A3 design, in this case the "Marine Lynx", similar to the "Marine Cardinal".

A bit complicated, as the C-4 ( Ex. Marine Cardinal -1945) forepart was later joined to the T-2 SE A 1- afterpart of the Esso Roanoke (44). Both parts then formed the "new" container vessel BALTIMORE.
This and more was inaugurated by Sea-Land founder and owner Malcolm McLean ( nicknamed "the Truck Driver", because he started his career as such, before he set out to revolutionize freighter shipping world-wide.... ). In fact, Mc Lean used to say "I don't operate ships, I operate sea-goin' trucks."

"Baltimore", ex. "Roanoke", ex. "Esso Roanoke", August1972 at Bremerhaven, Germany.
( Photo by Gerhard L. Mueller-Debus )
"Baltimore", ex. "Roanoke", ex. "Esso Roanoke", August1972 at Bremerhaven, Germany.
( Photo by Gerhard L. Mueller-Debus )
 "Baltimore", ex. "Roanoke", ex. "Esso Roanoke".

History :
Built by Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pennsylvania.
Yardnumber 416. UMSC No. 1747. Official nr. 246103,
Keel laid 03-04-1944. Launched 30-06-1944. Completed 14-07-1944. Gr. 10296 t., Net. 6236 t., Dw. 16613 t. L.o.a. 159,57 m., Br. 20,78 m., Dr. 9,31 m. Engine: 2 steam turbines, manufactured by Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, Pittsburgh. 7240 B.h.p., 5401 kW. Speed 15 knots. 26 Tanks.
ESSO ROANOKE-1944 completed for Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, Wilmington, Delaware, USA.
ESSO ROANOKE-1950 for Esso Shipping Company, Wilmington, Delaware, USA.
ESSO ROANOKE-1955 Returned to the Maritime Commission, 29 September 1955, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River Group, Lee Hall, VA.
ROANOKE-1956 Renamed SS Roanoke, October.
T-AO-155 ROANOKE-1956 Reactived and transferred to the US Navy Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), 12 June, placed in service as USNS Roanoke (T-AO 155).
ROANOKE-1957 Returned to the Maritime Administration (MARAD), 21 October, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Beaumont TX.
ROANOKE-1957 Struck from the Naval Register.
ROANOKE-1969 Title transfer to Sea-Land Service, 25 April 1969, MARAD Exchange Program.
BALTIMORE-1969 for Sea-Land Service Inc., Wilmington, Delaware, USA.
BALTIMORE-1970 for Monterey Transportation Company Inc. , Wilmington, Delaware, USA.
Additional Reports:
Reported Baltimore shortened and converted into container ship in 1970 by dismantled,machinery section joined to forebody of container ship BALTIMORE (C-4 hull, Kaiser, Vancouver, Wash. yard #503), joined by Willamette Iron & Steel Co., Portland, Ore. Delivered Mar. 1970.
New Dimensions 151.6 / 143.6 x 21.9 m, 10948 grt / 9181 dwt.
Reported Baltimore sold to shipbreakers in Taiwan. Arrived Kaohsiung 24 May 1985 to be broken up. [ By Hoei Tai Steel & Iron Corporation ]